B r e e d s t a n d a r d
Small de luxe Toy spaniel, of a normal and harmonious
build, with long hair, moderately long muzzle shorter than the
skull, lively personality, graceful yet robust, proud carriage
with an easy and elegant gait.
Phalène: Variety with hanging ears
The ear at rest is set high, considerably higher than the
eye line, carried hanging and yet quite mobile. Garnished with
wavy hair which may reach quite a length which gives the dog a
Papillon: Variety with erect ears
The ear is set on high, the auricle (external ear) well
open and turned to the side; the inner edge of the auricle
forming an angel of approx. 45° with the horizontal. In no
case must the ear point upwards, which would be like a Spitz
type ear and must definitely be rejected. The inside of the
auricle is covered with fine hairs, also wavy. The longest
hairs extending slightly beyond the edge of the ear; the outer
face, on the contrary, is covered with long hair forming
hanging fringes extending well beyond the edges of the ear.
His body is somewhat longer than high.
In normal proportion to the body and proportionately
lighter and shorter than in the Spaniel of large or medium size.
Not too rounded neither in profile nor from the front,
sometimes showing a slight trace of medial furrow.
Depression sufficiently accentuate.
Weight class below 2,5 kilo
In the very small dogs it is clearly marked without ever
showing sudden break.
Weight class above 2,5 kilo
In the heavier dogs, this depression is less evident yet still defined.
Small, black and round, but slightly flattened on top.
Shorter than the skull, fine, pointed and not too hollow on
the sides; must not be turned up.
Strongly pigmented, thin and tight.
Quite strong, closing well and normally. Tongue must not be
visible; the fact that it is constantly visible or not drawn
in when touched by the finger is a fault.
Rather large, well open, in the shape of a large almond, not
prominent, set rather low in the head, the inner corner is at
the intersection of the skull and the muzzle. Dark in color
and very expressive; eyelid strongly pigmented.
Quite fine but firm. Whether it is the oblique ear or the
hanging ear, when examined by hand, the cartilage must not end
in too sharp a point. The ears are set on rather far back on
the head, sufficiently apart one from the other, so as to
reveal the slightly rounded shape of the skull.
Of moderate length, a little arched at the nape.
Neither too short or arched, nor saddled, without however being flat.
Solid and slightly arched.
Wide, fairly well let down. The circumference of the thorax
taken between the past two ribs must be approximately
equivalent to the height at the withers. Ribs well arched.
Slightly drawn up.
Set quite high, rather long, abundant fringe forming a lovely
plume. When the dog is in action, it is carried raised along
the line of the back and curved, the extreme tip may touch the
back; never should it curl or lie flat on the back.
Legs straight, firm, fine. The dog must not seem to be raised
up; seen either from the front or from back, the legs are
Well developed, well attached to the body.
Of equal length as the shoulder-blade, normally angulated and
well joined with it, well attached to the body.
Apparent in profile.
Rather long, called "hare feet" resting evenly on
their pads. Strong nails, preferably black, lighter in the
dogs with brown or white coats (the white nails in white dogs
or in dogs with white legs do not constitute a fault if the
dog is otherwise well pigmented). The toes are strong with a
tough pad, well furnished in between with fine hair extending
beyond the tip of the foot and forming a point.
Gait / Movement
Proud, free, easy and elegant.
The coat, without undercoat, is abundant, glossy, wavy
(not to be confused with curly), not soft but slightly
resistant to the touch, with silky reflections. The hairs are
inserted flat; they are quite fine, slightly curved by the
wave. The appearance of the coat is similar to that of the
English Toy Spaniels, but it differs definitely from that of
the Pekingese Spaniel; at the same time it should not have any
resemblance to the coat of the Spitz.
The hair is short on the face, the muzzle, the front of the
legs and the underneath part of the hock. Of medium length on
the body, it gets longer on the neck to form a ruff and jabot,
descending in waves on the chest; forming fringes at the ears
and at the back of the forelegs; at the back of the thighs, an
ample culotte with soft hair.
There may be small tufts of hair between the toes and may
even extend slightly beyond providing they do not give a heavy
appearance to the foot, but rather give it a finer appearance
by lengthening it. Certain dogs in good coat condition have
hair 7,5 cm long at the withers and fringes of 15 cm on the
All colors are admitted on a coat with a white background. On
the body and legs, the white must be dominant in relation to
the color. The white on the head preferably extended by a more
or less wide blaze. A white marking is admitted on the lower
part of the head, but dominant white on the head constitutes a
fault. In all cases, the lips, the eyelids and principally the
nose must be pigmented.
Size / Weight
Height at the withers
About 28 cm.
1) Less than 2,5 kg for dogs and bitches.
2) From 2,5 to 4,5 kg for dogs, from 2,5 to 5,0 kg for bitches.
Minimum weight 1,5 kg.
Any departure from the foregoing points should be
considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault
should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its
- predominant white colored head
- skull flat, apple-shaded and bulging as in the small English Toy Spaniels
- stop too much or insufficiently accentuated
- nose not black
- muzzle arched or hollow
- depigmentation of the lips
- overshot and especially undershot mouth
- eye small, too round, predominant; light in color; showing white when the dog looks straight ahead
- depigmentation on the edges of the eyelids
- roach- or saddle back
- tail curly, resting on the back; falling on the side (that is the bone and not the fringes which, because of their length, falls in locks)
- forelegs bowed
- pastern joints knotty
- hindquarters weak
- hindquarters, which, seen from the back, are out of the vertical at the stifle, the hocks and the feet
- single or double dewclaws on the hind legs are undesirable and constitute a beauty fault, their removal is therefore advisable
- feet turning inwards or outwards
- nails not touching the ground
- coat poor, soft or blown (puffed up); hair planted straight or itself straight; woolly hair; undercoat indicating cross-breeding with the Spitz
- semi-erect ears with drooping tips
- pink or pink spotted nose
- excessive prognathism, overshot or undershot to the point where the incisors do not touch anymore
- tongue paralyzed or constantly visible
- male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum